The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons prohibits the use, development, production, testing, stationing, stockpiling and threat of use of nuclear weapons. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly in July 2017 with the support of 122 countries. And it has since been signed by 84 countries. After the 50th ratification, that of Honduras at the end of October, the treaty is due to enter into force on January 22, 2021, announced the UN. But the main countries possessing nuclear weapons, including the United States, Britain, France, China and Russia, have not signed it.
Belgium considers that the treaty “could give a new impetus to multilateral nuclear disarmament” but turns out not to be “the adequate tool to achieve our objectives of initiating global, reciprocal and gradual efforts”. In addition, for Belgian diplomacy, the Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT), ratified by Belgium and all NATO members, remains “the cornerstone of the global nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament regime” . This is why she voted on Monday evening at the UN General Assembly against a resolution in favor of this ban treaty.
Justifications swept aside by the Belgian coalition against nuclear weapons, which argues that the verification mechanisms are “at least as strong, if not more”, in the TIAN than in the non-proliferation treaty. “To claim that the two treaties are mutually exclusive is false.”
Despite the NPT, the states with nuclear weapons have not taken concrete measures in favor of disarmament, underlines the coalition, which considers that the TIAN is “the adequate tool to envisage a world without nuclear weapons”.
“Our country must not miss this meeting with history (and must) join this international dynamic which is essential for the future of our planet”, calls for the coalition which brings together some fifty organizations, including Agir pour la paix, 11.11.11 or the National Coordination of Action for Peace and Democracy (CNAPD).