SAO PAULO – Fires in the Brazilian Amazon increased by 28% in July compared to the same month of 2019 and threaten to expand in the coming months, in fear of environmentalists that the tragedy experienced last year in the largest will be repeated planet tropical forest.
Satellite images detected a total of 6,803 fire outbreaks in July, compared to 5,318 outbreaks recorded in the same month of 2019, according to data provided by the National Institute for Space Research (INPE).
Only on July 30, 1,007 outbreaks were recorded in the Amazon jungle, which is the highest number for the month in the last 15 years, according to the Greenpeace organization, which warned of an “upward trend” of fires this year. .
The increase in fires, the highest for the month of July since 2017, has continued despite the measures recently announced by the government of President Jair Bolsonaro in the face of international pressure after the devastating fires of 2019.
At the beginning of June, the Executive deployed an operation in the Amazon region to prevent environmental crimes, including the indiscriminate cutting of trees, and a month later announced the prohibition for a period of 120 days of the use of fire in the jungle, a traditional practice to prepare the sowing fields.
Fires in the Amazon tend to spread in areas of drought in areas that have been previously deforested, one of the major problems facing the ecosystem and which has worsened in recent times.
The cacique Messías Kokama was considered the main indigenous leader of the city of Manaos, capital of the Brazilian state of Amazonas.
According to Greenpeace, between 2004 and 2012 deforestation in the Amazon fell by 80%, but since 2012 there has been an “investment” in this curve, especially in the last two years, a fact that ecologists attribute to anti-environmental rhetoric of the leader of the Brazilian far right.
The governor came to question official deforestation data for the year and has promised during his mandate not to homologate more indigenous lands, but in recent months the government has tried to moderate his image at the risk of an international boycott.
Brazil’s vice president, General Hamilton Mourao, recently pledged to take “possible measures” to contain destruction in the Amazon, under pressure from investors who threaten to withdraw from the country if such degradation is not stopped.
The Brazilian president has launched accusations against the American actor on his social networks and at events with citizens.
But the measures announced so far by the Executive, according to Greeanpece, are “media” and aim to “appease and calm foreign investors” after the devastating fires of 2019, whose images went around the world and were widely condemned by the community. international.
For the environmental organization, deforestation needs to be fought throughout the year and not only on specific dates, since the Amazônia fires “are not the result of a natural phenomenon, but of human action.”
“The government’s speech is mediatic. Deforestation and fires are not fought with a military operation for a few months,” Romulo Batista, a Greenpeace spokesman, said in statements.
A tribe in Brazil gathered to perform a ritual that seeks peace between humans and nature.
Batista denounced the absence of an environmental policy by the Bolsonaro government and criticized the recent statements by the Minister of the Environment, Ricardo Salles, who at a ministerial meeting suggested relaxing environmental rules, taking advantage of the fact that media attention is focused on the pandemic of the new coronavirus .
“The government is alongside those who commit illegal acts” in the Amazon, added Batista.