WASHINGTON – Both President Donald Trump and his Democratic rival Joe Biden have promised that if they win the November elections in the United States, they will make radical progress over the next four years, albeit through entirely different paths.
Trump, who is seeking reelection by the Republican Party, insists that the economic remedies will be to reduce taxes and regulations.
He portrays himself as a conservative champion in an apparently endless conflict of values, but the president offers few details on how he would actuate the government’s levers in a second four-year term.
For his part, Biden acts as the standard bearer for every Democrat, cataloging the federal government as the collective force that will be able to fight the coronavirus, rebuild the economy, and face ancient institutional racism and a system of systematic inequities.
A veteran of national politics, Biden loves to consider his past negotiator as proof that he will be able to do it again from the Oval Office.
These and other issues leave Americans with an ambiguous choice for the November elections. Here is a look at the positions of both rivals on crucial issues:
ECONOMY AND TAXES
Before the pandemic, Trump was talking about how he had managed to bring unemployment down to its lowest rate in decades and promote a rise never seen before in the stock markets.
Although the market has managed to regain much of its level after plummeting in the first weeks of the crisis, unemployment remains relatively high: 11.1% in June, more severe than the nadir seen during the Great Recession.
Last month there was an employment deficit of about 14.7 million, compared to the situation in February, before the pandemic broke out in the United States.
The president and the virtual Democratic candidate for the November elections have very different positions. To see more of Telemundo, visit now.telemundo.com
Trump has forecast a recovery in the United States economy in the last two quarters of this year, and says he will take off like a “space rocket” in the coming year, a prediction based on the conjecture that a coronavirus vaccine or effective treatment will have hit the market, allowing life to return to normal.
It continues to advocate a cut to the wage tax, although such a measure faces fierce bipartisan opposition. If he won a second term – and a voter mandate – it might be his best chance to get it going.
For his part, Biden raises the need for extreme federal measures to avoid a prolonged recession or depression and to deal with persistent economic inequality that disproportionately affects non-white Americans.
The name Kamala Harris sounds strong.
His most expensive plans: a $ 2 billion, four-year program that aims to eliminate carbon pollution from the U.S. energy grid by 2035, and a new government medical service plan available to all working-age Americans (with abundant subsidies) .
It also proposes more investment in education, infrastructure, and small businesses, as well as an increase in the minimum wage to $ 15 an hour.
Biden frames immigration as an economic issue as well. He wants to expand immigration law spaces and offer a pathway to obtaining U.S. citizenship for some 11 million residents who are in the country illegally but who, according to Biden, are already contributing to the country’s economy, as workers. and consumers.
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Trump has pushed for schools to fully open this upcoming school year despite the pandemic, as an opportunity to draw attention to his support for charter schools, which are private, publicly funded institutions.
Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, who has long been a supporter of charter schools and school check programs, has warned that federal funds allocated to school districts that do not open will go to private schools that do.
For most of the Trump period, his government has tried to increase support for federal charter schools, but Congress has responded with relatively low increases.
The Democrat who accompanied Barack Obama is seeking the presidency for the third time.
As for higher education, Trump has repeatedly complained that campuses are attacked for “radical left indoctrination.”
He recently threatened to cut funds to universities, arguing that he instructed the Treasury Department to reexamine the exemption status of taxes and federal funds for unspecified schools.
Biden wants the federal government to partner with the states so that public higher education is free for any student whose household income is up to $ 125,000 a year. The support would extend to anyone attending two-year schools, regardless of income.
Real estate magnate, is 72 years old and looking for his second term as president.
He also proposed a huge increase in support for universities that are historically black. His general education plan involves an expense of approximately $ 850,000.
It also calls for universal access to preschool programs for 3- and 4-year-olds, tripling Title I spending for schools with higher densities of low-income housing students; more support for positions outside the classroom, such as social workers in institutions; federal infrastructure spending for public school buildings; and cover the costs of schools to adhere to federal disability laws.
Biden also opposes taxpayer money being diverted to lucrative charter school businesses and has promised that his secretary of education will have classroom teaching experience.
As a candidate for the White House, Trump promised that “immediately” he would replace President Barack Obama’s healthcare law with his own plan that would offer “insurance for all.”
In the last phase of his first term, the Americans are still waiting for him to make his big reveal.
Trump officials say the government has made progress by fighting for transparency in hospital prices, seeking a series of measures to contain the costs of prescription drugs, and expand low-cost insurance alternatives for small businesses and individuals, but those Gradual steps fall short in the face of the extensive measures Trump has promised.
Biden wants a “Medicare-like public option” to compete alongside private insurance markets for working-age Americans, while increasing premium subsidies that many blue-collar workers already use under the Patient Protection and Care Act Affordable Health.
Biden estimates that it would cost around $ 750 billion over 10 years. That places Biden between Trump – who wants to scrap the 2010 law – and progressives who want a single-payer system to completely replace private insurance.
Biden sees his strategy as the next step toward universal coverage and one that he could pass in Congress.