China: towards an increase in the number of inhabitants affected by extreme precariousness, in 2021 – .

Despite the coronavirus pandemic, the Chinese authorities do not intend to release “complete victory in the fight against poverty”, officially launched in 2014.

A clear goal

In 2020, being poor in China it means living with an annual income of less than 4,000 yuan (514 euros). Official figures have revealed that the vast Asian country had 98.99 million poor people at the end of 2012 and another 5.5 million at the end of 2019. The Chinese authorities have however set themselves the goal of maintaining “complete victory in the fight against poverty, officially launched in 2014, despite the Covid-19 epidemic. This goal was clearly announced by Chinese President Xi Jinping on March 6, reports The world. Thus, there should officially no longer be poor people in China on December 31, 2020.

Relocation policy

In reaching this ambitious goal, much progress has been made, especially in the most remote provinces of China. The authorities have in fact relied on great resources to open up the mountainous province of Gansu wedged between the plateau of Tibet and that of Inner Mongolia. The peasants hitherto clinging to ungrateful land will be relocated to the cities in the process. According to Liu Yongfu, director of the government office for the reduction of poverty and development, “over eight million poor people have been relocated in recent years”.

To stem the poverty in china, the local government is committed to ensuring that people living in poverty can eat and clothe themselves. They should also benefit from “three guarantees” namely access to compulsory education, basic medical services and housing. At present, only 150,000 people still do not have access to “three guarantees”, underlines Liu Yongfu.

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