Monday, Emmanuel Macron devoted a large part of the event organized by the Elysée to it. The objective, after the delays caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, relaunch environmental diplomacy. Deforestation occupied an important place in the 4th edition of the One Planet Summit, a summit bringing together around thirty international personalities around the fight for the preservation of biodiversity.
A particularly topical subject, while the health crisis underlines the effects of the destruction of wild habitats on the proliferation of zoonoses (these diseases transmitted from animals to humans), the link between deforestation, preservation of species and human health was notably the one of the four themes of the discussions. But the need to better protect forests was also mentioned throughout the discussions on the three other official subjects: the protection of terrestrial and marine ecosystems, the promotion of agroecology, and the mobilization of funding.
Two days later, a very final study of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) reiterates the extent of the damage. The hectares of forests lost between 2004 and 2017 reached 43 million, or the equivalent of 80% of the area of metropolitan France, warns the NGO, which points the finger at a main responsible: agriculture and the expansion of its surfaces.
Amazon rainforest cleared to grow soybeans
The WWF in particular identifies 24 “fronts” which, during the last fifteen years, have been particularly affected by global deforestation. They are located in the tropics and subtropics, and concentrate 52% of the deforestation at these latitudes. Nine are in Latin America, eight …