Trump has maintained a cordial relationship with Peña Nieto’s successor, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, whom he thanked this Tuesday for his “friendship” and for his support for the control of the common promise. However, neither this Mexican government gave a weight for the construction of the barrier.
In reality, the Republican has paid for the construction of the wall with the money of the taxpayers of his country. The US Congress has released more than $ 5 billion since 2016 to fund the wall.
But Democrats, who regained control of the House of Representatives mid-term, were unwilling to allocate more funds to the project.
The confrontation led to a 35-day partial shutdown of the federal administration (shutdown) at the end of 2018-2019, a record.
Trump ended up bypassing Congress and took money directly from the Pentagon budget. The Department of Defense has allocated a total of nearly $ 10 billion to the project.
Was it at least effective?
“The numbers speak for themselves: drug trafficking, border crossings and smuggling have decreased in areas where there are barriers,” DHS said in October.
After a spike in 2019, border arrests dropped in 2020, but the impact of the wall pandemic and other immigration restrictions is hard to ignore.
As for drug trafficking, according to experts, most of it transits through official entry points (ports, airports, border crossings).
Otherwise, the wall has nonetheless pushed traffickers to use more easily identifiable access routes, such as tunnels or boats off the coast of Southern California.
With information from . and .