“It is necessary to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector by 90% by 2050 for Europe to become carbon neutral by this date”, recalled the European executive by presenting its sheet of road for “sustainable mobility”.
To achieve this, Brussels intends to propose by next summer a tightening of polluting emission standards for cars and vans, before tackling by 2022 those for heavy goods vehicles: new constraints which will guarantee, according to it that “only low emission vehicles will be placed on the market”.
In addition to encouraging tax measures – potentially within the framework of a strengthened carbon market -, the European Commission also calls for the development “on a large scale” of charging infrastructure for electric and hydrogen cars: it would be necessary to build 3 million public charging points by 2030.
“Our ambitions are realistic. The political context has changed: we can clearly see an awareness at political, industrial and transport sector levels”, said Frans Timmermans, Vice-President of the Commission at a press conference. responsible for the climate.
“We have increasing transport needs, and at the same time, we have to reduce the environmental burden … There are already simple things to change: there are for example ten flights a day between Brussels and Amsterdam, while there is the train, “he argued.
In fact, Brussels foresees that, by 2030, public transport on journeys of less than 500 km will imperatively be “carbon neutral” … in particular by transferring more freight and passengers to rail.
The EU intends to double the circulation of high-speed trains in ten years and increase rail freight by 50%.
In the aviation sector, the Commission is banking on the marketing of wide-body aircraft without emissions by 2035. In the meantime, it will propose to reduce the carbon credits available to the aviation sector. “Zero emission” vessels are expected on the market from 2030.
However, the EU did not immediately unveil any concrete measures accompanying its roadmap, which will be the subject of proposals submitted to MEPs and member states.
The Twenty-Seven, meeting at the summit Thursday and Friday, must adopt this week an EU greenhouse gas reduction target for 2030.