Updated Sunday, April 11, 2021 – 14:14
They have attended together with other members of the royal family the ceremony to commemorate the 100 years of independence
King Abadl of Jordan dispatches with a high military command.
The king Abdal II of Jordan and the former crown prince Hamza made their first joint appearance after the crisis who has shaken the Hashemite country, attending together the commemoration ceremony of 100 years of independence.
State media showed the monarch and other members of the royal family depositing wreaths at the monument to the unknown soldier.
Jordan celebrates its centenary this Sunday at a time when the country is experiencing one of the worst crises in its history due to tensions within the royal family.
A week before the commemoration, Prince Hamza, great-grandson of the founder of the Jordanian Hashemite monarchy, was placed under house arrest, accused of being involved in a “plot” against his country, an accusation he rejects. About twenty people were arrested and, loor family pressure, the prince promised to “remain loyal” to King Abdul II -his stepbrother-, who in 2004 stripped him of the title of crown prince in favor of his own eldest son. However, he criticized the ruler’s mismanagement, which could lead to the downfall of the country.
April 11 marks the day that Abdal, who became Hashemite emir of Transjordan thanks to the British, took the reins of power. The current rulers boast of the remarkable longevity of the kingdom in such a turbulent region. Even before the alleged conspiracy case, due to restrictions related to the Covid-19 pandemic, the festivities program was limited to a few cultural events and posters with the royal crown and the motto “1921-2021: 100 years and counting. “.
only Hashemite monarchy in power
Born in March 1921, the Transjordan emirate, beyond the Jordan River, separated from historic Palestine and came under British rule. It is attributed to Abdal, the second son of Sherif Hussein, who organized the arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire for the benefit of the British, in exchange for an Arab kingdom that will never see the light of day. In 1946 proclaimed independence, and in May the emirate became the Hashemite kingdom of Jordan, with Abdul I as king.
It is the only Hashemite monarchy still in power. Faisal II, King of Iraq, was overthrown in 1958. Al, Sheriff Hussein’s eldest son, ruled only briefly the Hijaz, a region in the west of the Arabian Peninsula, before being overthrown in 1925 by the Al Saud, still in power. in Saudi Arabia. Abdul I was assassinated by a Palestinian in July 1951 and his grandson, King Hussein (reign: 1952-1999), managed to escape dozens of attacks.
Following the Arab defeat against the nascent State of Israel, Abdul “unified” the two banks of the Jordan under his crown in April 1950, a year after the annexation of the West Bank, and offered all the inhabitants the Jordanian citizen. His idea was to facilitate the integration of the Palestinians and involve them in the modernization of the country. This system, in which everyone had advantages, worked despite the creation of the Organization for the Liberation of Palestine (PLO) in 1964 and the awakening of Palestinian national sentiment. But Black September shattered the idea of a single nation.
That traumatic confrontation, followed by two decades of turbulence, remains in the minds of many. In September 1970, to restore the authority of the monarchy challenged by the PLO, Jordanian troops expelled the Palestinian fighters. In 1988, King Hussein completely disassociated himself from the West Bank – where the PLO had imposed itself politically – and withdrew the Jordanian citizenship from the Palestinians from that territory.
As time passed, disagreements with the Palestinians subsided and King Abdul II, who ascended to the throne in 1999 and whose wife, Queen Rania, is a Palestinian, launched the slogans “Jordan first” and “We are all Jordanians.” In the early 2000s, removal of transjordan or Palestinian origin of citizens from official documents of the country. Many of the 10 million people in the country have that ancestry.
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