Geology is a unique and magnificent science. But what makes it so special? You could rightly ask. A good geologist has to know a little about everything: from physics, chemistry, geography, mathematics, biology, engineering, and many, many more fields. But without a doubt, everyone thinks, that it is worth it.
The truth is that geology is part of our daily lives and offers a window into the history of the Earth. If we think of some of the wonders of the world such as the pyramids of Egypt, Stonehenge, the Grand Canyon, Mount Everest or the Great Barrier Reef, all these beauties would not be possible without all kinds of rocks and mineral formations.
But the geology extends far beyond these monuments. It also has interesting applications in our day-to-day lives, from gemstones in jewelry to the materials we use to build houses and the search for the energy that powers our world.
Even people who are not particularly interested in geology also enjoy learning about some of the most interesting and curious facts about our planet.
Geology is the study of the Earth, the materials it is made of, the structure of those materials and the processes that act on them. It includes the study of organisms that have inhabited our planet. And an important part of geology is the study of how Earth’s materials, structures, processes, and organisms have changed over time.
What does a geologist do?
Geologists they work to understand the history of our planet. The better they can understand Earth’s history, the better they can foresee how past events and processes might influence the future.
By studying Earth’s processes, for example such as landslides, earthquakes, floods, and volcanic eruptions, geologists work to understand these processes well enough to avoid building major structures where they can be damaged. By preparing maps of areas that have been flooded in the past, they can predict which areas would be likely to flood in the future. These maps can be used to guide the development of communities and determine where flood protection or flood insurance is needed.