When NASA released the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)for its acronym in English) we sensed that a new era would open in the history of space exploration and the study of the stars.
However, in this short period of time we have been able to verify that any previous expectations around this device were really short.
Report after report, finding after finding, the scientific community has been able to make leaps and bounds with each new piece of information, while expanding our vision of the cosmos, toppling some entrenched paradigms in the process.
However, something has just happened that not many expected, since the James Webb Telescope not long ago has just captured data that would belong to six primitive galaxies that technically defy all scientific theories conceived up to now.
In fact, the information collected is so peculiar in all its parameters that there is a frank possibility that it is not even a galaxy. That or it will be necessary to reconstruct a good part of the theoretical postulates conceived up to now.
The James Webb Space Telescope and the mystery of the galaxies
It turns out that NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) has just been the subject of a controversial study just published on February 22, 2023 by the journal Naturesince the investigation details the details of a series of studies where they have detected six new galaxies so massive that they could redefine our understanding of the origin of the universe.
The research data is based on the first set of data collected by the JWST last year. Where you are six young galaxies would have a mass between 10,000 and 100,000 million times that of the Sun.
But there is a disturbing and almost disturbing detail: These formations generally have a mass equivalent to that of the Milky Way, but they would be up to 30 times denser. This challenges various paradigms and ideas about the study of the universe.
A very clear analogy, raised by Dr. Ivo Labbe himself, main author of the study and professor at the Swinburne University of Technology in Australia.
If the Milky Way were a normal-sized adult with a height of 1.75 meters and a weight of 70 kilos, these six one-year-old baby galaxies would have the same weight but their height would not exceed 7 centimeters.
“No one expected to find this. These galaxy candidates are simply too evolved for our predictions. They seem to have evolved faster than our standard models allow.
The exciting thing is that, even if only some of them turned out to be massive galaxies, these things are so huge that they alone would turn our current measurements of the total mass of stars upside down.
It would suggest that 10 to 100 times more stellar mass exists at this time than expected, and would imply that galaxies are forming much, much faster in the Universe than previously thought.”
This is what Joel Leja, a Penn State astrophysicist and co-author of the study, comments on the possibility that these findings are not even a new series of galaxies, but quite the opposite.
It is necessary to collect more data, since with the information available and these compiled parameters there is a clear possibility that instead of galaxies they are supermassive black holes.
But in the event that this is not the case, we will be facing a radical paradigm shift.