A team of Spanish archaeologists found in the ruins of the city of Pompeii one of the best preserved perfumeries from Roman times
A team of Spanish archaeologists they found in the ruins from the city of Pompeii one of the perfume shops best preserved from Roman age, located in a domus (Roman house) in the heart of the historic Italian enclave.
This is a team of experts from the University of Granada (southern Spain), from the Valencian Institute of Restoration and the Municipal Archaeological Research Service of Valencia (east), which has been working for more than a decade in Pompeii, in the Southern Italy, and that it has located one of the best preserved perfume shops of the time.
The results of this study, which the University of Granada shared in a statement, are published in a volume dedicated to artisans in the past by the publisher Archeopress Archeology (2020) and are the result of various research projects.
The team analyzed a perfume production office located in the Ariadne’s House, a domus that is located in the neuralgic heart of this city that had a long life since the 2nd century BC. C. until the eruption of Vesuvius (AD 79).
Specifically, this perfumery was on one of the flanks of the south entrance of the house and although it initially shared space with other uses, it became independent to have direct access from a commercial road.
“In addition to a huge number of ceramic and glass jars and ointments, which give good proof of the sale to the public of perfumes that took place in this store, we have also been able to analyze the entire production chain and shed light on how these were produced. essences ”, explained the Spanish researcher from the Department of Prehistory and Archeology of the University and one of the authors of this work, Macarena Bustamante-Álvarez.
The first step to develop the roman perfumes It consisted of pressing olives and flowers to obtain the oily base of the product, as well as the floral essences, they did it with a press that would allow the juices to be extracted, which were mixed in hydraulically-coated basins together with concentrated animal gelatins.
Once macerated, these essences could be “bottled” and were thus ready for purchase in the perfumery.
“In our study, we also proposed that cosmetic ointments be prepared in these facilities using greases similar to current lanolin, as can be deduced from the nearby location of a lanification office, that is, a place where wool was washed and worked,” he added. Bustamante-Álvarez.
The researchers claim that, in addition to possible cosmetic and hygienic practices similar to those they currently have, perfumes could have votive functions in funeral rites, or served as gifts.
With information from EFE