In all a paraphernalia of events the change in the North American executive power has become; going through the ignorance on the part of the outgoing President of the electoral results, the challenge of these before the judicial power, filing dozens of lawsuits that in the end were not successful; the harangue to ask Congress not to ratify the election of his opponent, which ended in a seizure by his followers of the Chamber’s facilities, with fatal consequences that claimed the lives of several people; the presidential pardon, even to relatives of relatives; the exclusion of the President from social networks for inciting violence; the threat of a second “impeachment”; and, last minute changes in US foreign policy.
Due to the repercussions it may have for Latin America and Colombia, it is striking that Cuba is once again included in the list of countries that sponsor terrorism. The State Department, in the report that supports the decision, cites cases of support for international terrorism and of refuge for recognized terrorists. In addition, he accused the Cuban government of having « fed, housed and provided medical attention to murderers, bomb makers and kidnappers, while many Cubans are hungry, homeless and do not have basic medicines. » He also alluded to Havana’s refusal to extradite ten guerrilla leaders from the National Liberation Army (Eln), who traveled to the island to hold negotiations with the Colombian government and have been required by that country after the group attributed responsibility in an attack against a police school in Bogotá that caused 22 deaths and more than 87 wounded.
This last minute change jettisoned Obama’s policy in relation to the island, which sought to smooth things over between the two countries; since 2009 the thaw period had begun and in 2015 it had been removed from the list. A different course is set, which of course could also be changed in the future; but it will not be in the short term, since the justification that should be given is not easy to construct. For the Cuban government, this is just another attack of the many terrorist attacks launched from the United States. The inclusion of a country on the terrorism blacklist implies obstacles to trade and more sanctions for Havana, in addition to all those that weigh on Cuba, due to the trade embargo it has had since the middle of the last century.
In the past, many of our leaders have been seduced by the epic figures of the Cuban rulers but, despite the solidarity that may arouse, the truth is that a great opportunity has been missed for the island to return to democracy. The outgoing US government does nothing different than to act accordingly with what is obvious: the Cuban government has not changed since it took power; Democracy does not exist on the island and it is a refuge for international terrorism, under the pretext of fighting democratic capitalism.