09/18/2021 at 9:12 AM CEST
Something is finally moving in the Tablas de Daimiel National Park (Ciudad Real), a wetland that is dying as it is drying up by leaps and bounds. Now, the Ministry of Ecological Transition has agreed measures to inject water and guarantee the survival of this natural space, which in addition to birds attracts thousands of tourists every year.
The Mixed Management Commission of the National Parks of Castilla-La Mancha (Cabañeros and Tablas de Daimiel) has agreed this Wednesday the activation of a battery of soundings in the National Park, which provides sufficient water to alleviate the water situation it is going through.
Currently, the wetland It only has 24 hectares flooded compared to the 1,780 potential of the park, which, in the opinion of the mayor of Daimiel, Leopoldo Sierra, shows that the Ministry has once again “suspended the duties of the course & rdquor ;, as stated recently. For that reason, he urged Teresa Rivera’s department to act quickly to prevent the total disappearance of the wetland.
Now, in a statement, the Ministry for Ecological Transition has explained that pumping will take place in early fall after the corresponding authorization request to the Guadiana Hydrographic Confederation.
The objective of these pumps is “to guarantee the moistening of the pack of peat in the National Park, avoiding the risk of self-combustion and to achieve a sheet of water that favors the wintering of waterfowl” in Las Tablas de Daimiel.
The desiccation of the wetland has been constant and gradual in recent years, to the point of being reduced its ponding to 24 hectares. Technically, the drop in temperatures at the beginning of autumn guarantees efficient pumping, minimizing evaporation.
The department directed by Teresa Ribera indicates that the flow will be provided by pumping and will be carried out in an adaptive way to the meteorological conditions to to guarantee «a sufficient sheet of water that favors the wintering of aquatic birds from the park”.
Along with the environmental consequences of this progressive deterioration of the park, the mayor recalled that Las Tablas are “A great tourist attraction & rdquor; for the local economy, regional and provincial, and warned that, probably, this year will not reach 100,000 visitors, when “normally 200,000 people came who were distributed throughout the province & rdquor ;.
Sierra regretted the image of “secarral & rdquor; in which it has become a space declared a Biosphere Reserve (1981), Wetland of International Importance by the Ramsar Convention (1982) and ZEPA (1988).
“The problem is the agricultural model & rdquor;
On the other hand, environmentalists have criticized the management of this natural space. The agonizing situation in Las Tablas de Daimiel National Park It is not due so much to the drought, as to the “chaos & rdquor; that in agrarian management of water exists in Castilla-La Mancha, say environmentalists.
This was stated this week by the environmental spokesman who is part of the national park’s board of trustees, Rafael U. Gosálvez, who in statements to . indicated that the fact that this park and the La Mancha wetlands are running out of water is not due to the drought , although it is a factor that contributes to this, but because for decades it has been irrigated with more water than is available.
Gosálvez has said, in line with what the Secretary of State for the Environment, Hugo Morán, has also pointed out that to reverse this situation “You have to adapt the area of crops to the real availability of water & rdquor ;.
For the first time, “the Government recognizes the reality that we have been denouncing for many years, and that change of course demonstrated both by the Secretary of State for the Environment and the Guadiana Hydrographic Confederation has our support,” he stressed.
“As long as there is no reconversion of the agricultural sector, which in our opinion can no longer be a smooth transition due to being in a climatic emergency and an environmental emergency, there will be no solution for the Tablas de Daimiel National Park and the La Mancha wetlands that benefit from an aquifer that cannot continue to be overexploited forever. for agriculture & rdquor ;, he added.
Gosálvez pointed out that the agrarian reconversion in the Upper Guadiana River Basin must be approached from the point of view of reducing the consumption of groundwater and from the approach of seeking better water quality.
In this sense, he explained that “In the Tablas de Daimiel, as has now been verified in the Mar Menor, the accumulation of phytosanitary products -fertilizers and agrochemicals- is also a problem for its conservation, but even more important for the health of people whose municipalities are supplied with water from aquifers & rdquor ;.
He pointed out that the Daimiel Tables are “the cul-de-sac of that aquifer & rdquor; which led them to have the same pollution problem that the Mar Menor now has and is experiencing.
For the spokesperson for the ecologists in the park’s board of trustees, the same thing is happening in Castilla-La Mancha as in Murcia since the regional authorities who have competence in agriculture and the environment, who are responsible for the deterioration of the National Park of Las Tablas de Daimiel and Mar Menor, “are shirking their responsibilities & rdquor ;.
Park visit guide: http://www.lastablasdedaimiel.com/guiatablasdedaimiel.pdf
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