United States —
Doctor Almendares stresses (Huete Salgado, July 23, 2019) that the problem of the dependence of the State of Honduras on US imperialism is accompanied by the issue of corruption, especially that which exists in the health sectors, – gains strength with the embezzlement of $ 350 million (more than L. 7 billion) in the Honduran Institute of Social Security -, the result of which is radiated in the death of 3 thousand Hondurans for lack of medical care, and now in the context of COVID-19 with the indiscriminate use of up to L. 80 billion, supposedly, to combat the virus.
Corruption has been inherent in the reproduction of capital through the exploitation of man by man, the novelty of recent history is that this reproduction of capital has made metastasis with drug trafficking in the world banking system, and Honduras has been no stranger to this phenomenon.
It is possible, then, to realize that corruption is an internal, endogenous phenomenon. Articulated to the exogenous. This explains why capitalism, in addition to stimulating corruption, requires the presence of military bases (targeting Venezuela and Cuba), the increase of a military police state (for internal repression), and the submission of the country to the capitalist policies of the imperialist countries, under the guidelines of exacerbated neoliberalism (for the reproduction of capital).
In this way, according to Suazo (February 19, 2019) as of the June 2009 coup d’état, in Honduras the policies of neoliberal economic adjustment and structural change are deepened. The argument put forward by the followers of these policies was that the Zelaya Rosales government was a socialist government similar to that of Hugo Chavez of Venezuela, destroyer of capital and labor, for prohibiting open-pit mining and the indiscriminate use of cyanide, for exercising greater control of hydrocarbon prices and the income captured by the State from its commercialization, and adjusting the minimum wage based on the real cost of the food basket, and not on the annual inflation index.
Regarding the corruption of the 6 months of the dictator’s period Roberto Micheletti Large sums of money were paid to advertising agencies, without these having a specific physical address, the National Tax Registry or legal representatives. Checks from the Banco Ficohsa account 01-102-00050316 were paid, the amounts of which range between L. 126 thousand and L. 11.3 million to advertising agencies that it is not known if they operate or, at least, have a domicile. or in the databases of the Mercantile Registry of Tegucigalpa.
Likewise, it should be remembered that the Honduran College of Economists warned at the beginning of the administration of Porfirio Lobo on the inheritance of a floating debt that could not be quantified, due to the absence of documentation that could justify how Roberto Micheletti used the money.
It is worth remembering that the State of Honduras has not been able to access the US benefit called the Millennium Challenge Account, approved in 2005, as a result of the high rates of corruption that have surrounded the regimes. post-coup plotters.
Meanwhile, in the government of Porfirio Lobo Sosa (2010-2013), Juan O. Hernández being president of the National Congress of the Republic, several laws were passed that paved the way for the deepening of the neoliberal model in Honduras, such as the Law for the Promotion of Public-Private Partnerships, the Hourly Employment Law and the Organic Law on Employment and Economic Development Zones (ZEDE), among many others.
Already in 2018, the candidate of the Opposition Alliance Against the Dictatorship, Salvador Nasralla, declared himself the winner of the elections held in November 2017, since in the first results disclosed by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) he was ahead of Juan O. Hernández (who illegally ran for reelection) by about 94,000 votes apart. However, the vote counting system fell for more than 5 hours, and when the trend resumed, reverses and Hernández wins.
Initially, the Organization of American States (OAS) demanded that the elections be repeated, but later changed its mind. A count is conducted by the TSE president himself, David Matamoros Batson, focused on those acts with problems, but the voter origin booklets are not reviewed, as required by the opposition candidates, nor are the demands for revision of the altered acts met. (Suazo, February 2, 2019).
Suazo (February 2, 2019) recalls that in the days before the final declaration of the Superior Electoral Tribunal it is announced that Honduras is one of the few countries in the Latin American region that voted in favor of the transfer of the capital of Israel to Jerusalem, it is say, in favor of the position of the Donald Trump government; Both the OAS and the European Union (EU) recognize JOH as reelected president violating the Constitution of the Republic, and without demonstrated transparency in the process.
On January 27, 2019, the Honduran people, almost without any coordination, took to the streets protesting against electoral fraud. The outbreak, however, caught all the left-wing structures that advocate insurrection popular, and also to the National and Departmental Coordinations of Free who had no choice but to observe how many of their militants participated in street actions, without tactical leadership or strategic direction.
The Manichean position of “either the ongoing insurrection triumphed or the dictatorial project took hold” led us and still leads to erroneous positions, since the absence of coordination and leadership did not give any chance of victory to the insurrection.
The regime, under the protective wing of the US Embassy and the Yankee State Department, mobilized its entire military and repressive apparatus to neutralize the insurrection that was I raise against a second mandate of Hernández. (PST, January 28, 2019). As a result, more than 30 people were killed and more than 100 became political prisoners.
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